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4th ARKANSAS Infantry Regiment
(South Arkansas Regiment - McNair's Regiment)

Mustered in 17 Aug 61 at Miller's Springs, Lawrence co., Missouri. Reorganized 8 May 62, Corinth, Miss. Formed part of 1st Arkansas Mounted Rifles Consolidated 9 Apr 65. Surrendered 26 Apr 65.

Staff

Captain Charles M OHLSON (Acting Commissary and Subsistence Officer)

Appointed from Co E 13 Aug 62 at Clinton, Tenn. Relieved from duty by Special Order no 83/ 3 (dated 20 May 63), Headquarters, Department No. 2 and Western Department. Present and accounted for through Jun 63. Next appears on a list of Confederate POWs confined and released at Kemper Barracks, Cincinnatti, Ohio, dated 6 Oct 63. Remarks: "Turned over to Capt. [C. R.] West, 20th Kentucky". D: ?

Here is the history about his capture, taken from the book "THE CAMP, THE BIVOUAC AND THE BATTLE FIELD"
by W.L. GAMMAGE , BRIGADE SURGEON OF MC'NAIR'S BRIGADE (written and published in 1864)

" I have already alluded to the capture of some of our medical officers of the brigade on the evening of Friday the 18th of September 1863. It happened in this wise: Dr. DeBerry, surgeon of the 2d Arkansas regiment; Dr. Orme, surgeon of the 25th Arkansas regiment; Dr. Hatcher, surgeon of the 39th North Carolina regiment; Drs. Mitchell, and Jones, assistant surgeons of the 4th Arkansas and 31st Arkansas regiment and 4th battalion Arkansas Infantry, with Capt. Charles M. Ohlson, happening to remain behind to procure rations, attempted to join their commands, when they were halted by a picket and required to tell who they were, which having done, they were ordered to dismount and advance, one at a time. They, supposing the challenge to be a Confederate vidette, complied, one going forward at a time. Dr. DeBerry, being the hindmost one of the group, halted, and having a suspicion that there was something wrong, turned his horse and galloped furiously back down the road. The others were no sooner within the picket lines than they were robbed of their horses and hurried back to Chattanooga under guard, where they were kept as prisoners until the fight was over and all of our wounded shipped off to the various hospitals in the interior. The medical officers were then exchanged and sent through the lines to join the command. Captain Ohlson was retained as a prisoner of war, and the boys who shared his captivity for a short time report that the last time they saw him, he was keeping step between two lusty musketeers and cursing the Dd wagabones-. "

Co E (Confederate Guards)

1st Sergeant / 2d Lieutenant Charles M OHLSON

B: ca. 1831 in Norway. Enlisted near Mount Vernon, Mo., 17 Aug 61 for 12 months.Elected 2d lieutenant 8 May 62 (to rank from 3 Mar 62). Appointed Acting Commissary and Subsistence officer 13 Aug 62 and assigned to the regimental staff with the rank of Captain.

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